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INDIAN GAUR

GAUR [Bos Gaurus]: The gaur or Indian bison is a massive jet-black animal with an ash colored forehead and yellowish or while stockinet feet, a very striking feature is the muscular ridge upon its shoulders, which slope down to the middle of the back where it ends in an abrupt dip.  Besides the vak. It is one of the ‘bovines’ best adapted to hilly terrain.  

1.     BEHAVIOUR: Gaurs come out to graze only in the morning and feed until late afternoon if the weather is cool or cloudy.  During the hot houses of the day, gaurs retire to the shelter and speculation of the forest.  Food is mainly grass, leaves and bark of certain trees.  They have a habit of visiting salt licks that helps them in digestion and rides the animal of interval parasites.

 2. FAMILY: The time of mating varies as calves are born at all season.  In Madhya Pradesh, the newborn are seen mainly from November to March.  The cow separates from the herd when the calf is born and remains with it for a few days, feeding nearby.  The herd remains in the vicinity and the cow rejoins it as soon as the offspring is able to accompany her.

 3. FACTS: Gaurs are by nature, shy and timid animals, rarely leaving their forests for cultivation.  Their defense is their massive size and an acute sense of smell.  As with most wild cattle, hearing and eyesight are comparatively poor.  They often live in small herds of 8-12 animals but are known to form larger groups adult bulls are solitary.  They feed mainly on grass.

 

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