The only other relative of Indian pigs are now found in South America and
Africa. Together with peccaries
and Hippopotamuses, they from an order called Artiodactyls, which means
even-toed animals. The typical
feature of a pig is its elongated movable snout, ending in a flat disk like
surface supporting the nostrils. Two
species, the Indian wild boar and the pygmy hog are found in India.
They are present almost throughout
the Indian sub-continent. Scanty bush jungles with clearing and grassy
areas are its favorite haunts. It
always lives in proximity of water and enjoys wallowing in shallow
Pigs are general noisy animals. They
prefer to remain in groups, which is often a joint family.
Adult male wild boars are solitary.
The sharpest sense in a boar is that of smell; its sight and
hearing are mediocre. It is noted for its courage, determination,
self-possessiveness and daring.
Pigs love variety. They eat
roots, tubers, insects, mollusks, carrion, small mammals and even the
remains of a tiger kill. It
is also a determined crop-raider and attacks cultivated areas near the
forest edges. In fact, a
whole field of peanuts could be uprooted by a group of pigs, the males
digging up the roots with their snout, in a night.
Pigs are provided with four toes, which give them an even footing on
uneven grounds. They are
fast runners in spite of their stocky built and short legs.
Pigs seem to breed through out the
year. Male-male combats
have been recorded during the breeding season.
Once 11 master-males were seen competing quite obviously for the
A sow bearing 4-6 young in a litter, after a gestation period of 4
months. Parental care is
shown in the form of nest building and protecting them once they are
Though a single species of wild boar is now found in India, in ancient
times, some 6-7 species inhabited the country.
Most of the present day, pigs possibly evolved from a monster
from which was the largest of kind.
Pigs breed profusely throughout
the year. A litter of 4-6
is rather normal. However,
this is one animal that is heavily predated upon by man and beast alike
and habitat destruction has led to a decrease in its numbers in many
The protein-rich meat of pigs is favored by all. They are savored by tigers, leopards, crocodiles and
even wild dogs. Pig
sticking and hunting is still a form of obtaining regular food by
tribals in many parts of the pig’s body.
Pigs have been abhorred in all the religions possibly because of their
feeding habits. A Hindu God
is said to have been incarnated as a boar once, but instances of
Pygmy hogs are pigs in miniature.
It was rediscovered in 1971 in the tall grasslands of Assam and
Northeast India. Unlike its
cousin, the wild bore; it has a short tail snout and ears.
In addition, usually moves in a group of 5-20 animals, Nocturnal
in habit, it feed on roots, bulbs, insects and lizards.
The young, usually numbering four, are born during April-May.
WILD BORE (Sus
is large, heavily built animal, with a grayish black body coot and a
mane of thick black hairs running over it.
A very noisy feeder, it lives in small groups of a single family.
Adult male boars tend to be solitary.
‘Omnivorous’ (Organism eating both plants and animals) in
diet, it is noted for its courage and determination.
They are known to breed throughout the year.
The gestation period is four, months, with 4-6 young born at a
time. The snow makes a nest
of grass and leaves on the ground.